Críticas mainstream, respostas heterodoxas:

uma defesa normativa do pluralismo na ciência econômica


  • Theodoro Cesar de Sposito Unicamp


A crise financeira global de 2008 levou a uma maior discussão sobre a importância do pluralismo na economia, com apelos públicos para uma maior diversidade de pontos de vista. No entanto, mesmo passados 15 anos, a economia continua pouco aberta a novas abordagens metodológicas e epistemológicas, enquanto as perspectivas pluralistas são alvo de intensa contestação. Este artigo confronta as críticas recorrentes ao pluralismo na economia por economistas mainstream com possíveis respostas heterodoxas a cada ponto. Defendemos a importância do pluralismo como fundamental para a integridade, capacidade de resposta e credibilidade da disciplina de economia face ao mundo real e todas as suas complexidades. 



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